THE PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES (PNDT) ACT & RULES
The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act,
1994, was enacted and brought into operation from 1
st January, 1996, in order to check
female foeticide. Rules have also been framed under the Act. The Act prohibits
determination and disclosure of the sex of foetus . It also prohibits any advertisements
relating to pre-natal determination of sex and prescribes punishment for its contravention.
The person who contravenes the provisions of this Act is punishable with imprisonment and
fine.
Recently, PNDT Act and Rules have been amended keeping in view the emerging
technologies for selection of sex before and after conception and problems faced in the
working of implementation of the ACT and certain directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court
after a PIL was filed in May, 2000 by CEHAT and Ors, an NGO on slow implementation of
the Act. These amendments have come into operation with effect from 14th February, 2003THE PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES (REGULATION AND
PREVENTION OF MISUSE) ACT, 1994
ACT NO. 57 OF 1994
[20th September, 1994]
An Act to provide for the regulation of the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purpose of
detecting genetic or metabolic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or certain congenital
malformations or sex linked disorders and for the prevention of the misuse of such techniques for the
purpose of pre-natal sex determination leading to female foeticide; and, for matters connected there
with or incidental thereto.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-fifth Year of the Republic of India as follows:–
CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY
1.Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Pre-natal Diagnostic
Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994.
(2) It shall extend to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, appoint.
2. Definitions.- In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,–
(a) “Appropriate Authority” means the Appropriate Authority appointed under section 17;
(b) “Board” means the Central Supervisory Board constituted under section 7;
(c) “Genetic Counseling Centre” means an institute, hospital, nursing home or any place, by
whatever name called, which provides for genetic counselling to patients;
(d) “Genetic Clinic” means a clinic, institute, hospital, nursing home or any place, by whatever name
called, which is used for conducting pre-natal diagnostic procedures;
(e) “Genetic Laboratory” means a laboratory and includes a place where facilities are provided for
conducting analysis or tests of samples received from Genetic Clinic for pre-natal diagnostic test;
(f) “Gynecologist” means a person who possesses a post- graduate qualification in gynecology and
obstetrics;
(g) “Medical geneticist” means a person who possesses a degree or diploma or certificate in medical
genetics in the field of pre-natal diagnostic techniques or has experience of not less than two years in
such field after obtaining–
(i) any one of the medical qualifications recognised under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956
(102 of 1956); or
(ii) a post-graduate degree in biological sciences;
(h) “Pediatrician” means a person who possesses a post- graduate qualification in pediatrics;
(i) “pre-natal diagnostic procedures” means all gynecological or obstetrical or medical procedures
such as ultrasonography foetoscopy, taking or removing samples of amniotic fluid, chorionic villi,
blood or any tissue of a pregnant woman for being sent to a Genetic Laboratory or Genetic Clinic for
conducting pre-natal diagnostic test;
(j) “pre-natal diagnostic techniques” includes all pre-natal diagnostic procedures and pre-natal
diagnostic tests;
(k) “pre-natal diagnostic test” means ultrasonography or any test or analysis of amniotic fluid,
chorionic villi, blood or any tissue of a pregnant woman conducted to detect genetic or metabolic
disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or congenital anomalies or haemoglobinopathies or sexlinked diseases;
(l) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

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One thought on “

  1. Having sex with woman false promise of marriage is definatly rape.after the woman lodged case against him After he had marry only to make withdraw the complaint this is definatly rape. See i request to u send him jail for 10years including lasser punishment. Woman not a playing toy she is a human being.

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